Bil-Jac Grain Free Dog Food receives the Advisor’s mid-tier rating of 3 stars.
The Bil-Jac Grain Free product line lists one dry dog food, a recipe claimed to meet AAFCO nutrient profiles for adult maintenance.
Bil-Jac Grain Free Adult
Dry Dog Food
Estimated Dry Matter Nutrient Content
Ingredients: Chicken, pea starch, pea flour, dried beet pulp, brewers dried yeast, pea fiber, menhaden fish meal, sodium propionate (a preservative), dl-methionine, choline chloride, l-lysine, monocalcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, vitamin E supplement, l-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (source of vitamin C), zinc proteinate, zinc oxide, copper proteinate, vitamin A acetate, copper sulfate, niacin supplement, biotin, sodium selenite, d-calcium pantothenate, inositol, manganese proteinate, riboflavin supplement, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin B12 supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), mixed tocopherols and BHA (preservatives), manganous oxide, cobalt proteinate, cobalt carbonate, vitamin D3 supplement, potassium iodide, folic acid, rosemary extract
Fiber (estimated dry matter content) = 5.6%
Red denotes controversial item
|Estimated Nutrient Content|
|Dry Matter Basis||33%||17%||42%|
|Calorie Weighted Basis||29%||35%||36%|
The first ingredient in this dog food is chicken. Although it is a quality item, raw chicken contains up to 73% water. After cooking, most of that moisture is lost, reducing the meat content to just a fraction of its original weight.
After processing, this item would probably account for a smaller part of the total content of the finished product.
It’s important to note that a number of the following ingredients included in this recipe are each a type of pea product:
- Pea starch
- Pea flour
- Pea fiber
Although they’re a mixture of quality plant ingredients, there’s an important issue to consider here. And that’s the recipe design practice known as ingredient splitting.
You see, if we were to combine all these individual items together and report them as one, that newer combination would almost certainly occupy a higher position on the list — possibly making peas (not meat) the predominant ingredient in this recipe.
Pea starch is a paste-like, gluten-free carbohydrate extract probably used here as a binder for making kibble. Aside from its energy content (calories), pea starch is of only modest nutritional value to a dog.
Pea flour is a powder made from roasted yellow peas. Pea flour contains as much as 25% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the meat content of this dog food.
And pea fiber is a mixture of both soluble and insoluble dietary fiber derived from pea hulls. Aside from the usual benefits of fiber, this agricultural by-product provides no other nutritional value to a dog.
The fourth ingredient is beet pulp. Beet pulp is a controversial ingredient, a high fiber by-product of sugar beet processing.
Some denounce beet pulp as an inexpensive filler while others cite its outstanding intestinal health and blood sugar benefits.
We only call your attention here to the controversy and believe the inclusion of beet pulp in reasonable amounts in most dog foods is entirely acceptable.
The fifth ingredient is brewers yeast, which can be a controversial item. Although it’s a by-product of the beer making process, this ingredient is rich in minerals and other healthy nutrients.
Fans believe yeast repels fleas and supports the immune system.
Critics argue yeast ingredients can be linked to allergies. This may be true, but (like all allergies) only if your particular dog is allergic to the yeast itself.
In addition, a vocal minority insists yeast can increase the risk of developing the life-threatening condition known as bloat. However, this is a claim we’ve not been able to scientifically verify.
In any case, unless your dog is specifically allergic to it, yeast can still be considered a nutritious additive.
What’s more noteworthy here is that brewers yeast contains about 48% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the actual meat content of this dog food.
The sixth ingredient is pea fiber, mentioned above.
The seventh ingredient is menhaden fish meal. Because it is considered a meat concentrate, fish meal contains almost 300% more protein than fresh fish itself.
Menhaden are small ocean fish related to herring. They’re rich in protein and omega-3 fatty acids. What’s more, in their mid-depth habitat, menhaden are not exposed to mercury contamination as can be typical with deep water species.
This item is typically obtained from the “clean, dried, ground tissue of undecomposed whole fish and fish cuttings” of commercial fish operations.1
From here, the list goes on to include a number of other items.
But to be realistic, ingredients located this far down the list (other than nutritional supplements) are not likely to affect the overall rating of this product.
With three notable exceptions…
First, we find no mention of probiotics, friendly bacteria applied to the surface of the kibble after processing to help with digestion.
Next, this food contains chelated minerals, minerals that have been chemically attached to protein. This makes them easier to absorb. Chelated minerals are usually found in better dog foods.
And lastly, this food is preserved with BHA, a suspected cancer-causing agent.
Bil-Jac Grain Free Dog Food Review
Judging by its ingredients alone, Bil-Jac Grain Free Dog Food looks like an average dry product.
But ingredient quality by itself cannot tell the whole story. We still need to estimate the product’s meat content before determining a final rating.
And a fat-to-protein ratio of about 50%.
Above-average protein. Near-average fat. And below-average carbs when compared to a typical dry dog food.
Even when you consider the protein-boosting effect of the pea flour and brewers yeast, this looks like the profile of a kibble containing a moderate amount of meat.
We like this product. However, it’s unfortunate the company chose to include BHA in its recipe. Without this controversial ingredient, we may have been compelled to award this line a higher rating.
Bil-Jac Grain Free is a dry dog food using a moderate amount of named meat as its main source of animal protein, thus earning the brand 3 stars.
However, BHA phobics may wish to ignore our rating and look elsewhere for another product.
Please note certain recipes are sometimes given a higher or lower rating based upon our estimate of their total meat content and (when appropriate) their fat-to-protein ratios.
Bil-Jac Dog Food
The following list (if present) includes all dog food recalls since 2009 directly related to Bil-Jac. If there are no recalls listed in this section, we have not yet reported any events.
- Bil-Jac Dog Food Recall (8/24/2012)
Readers interested in Bil-Jac dog food may also wish to check out these popular pages, too…
Important FDA Alert
The FDA is investigating a potential link between grain-free diets and heart disease in dogs. Click here for details.
A Final Word
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Notes and Updates
06/14/2019 Last Update
- Association of American Feed Control Officials ↩