Hi-Point Dog Food receives the Advisor’s lowest rating of 1 star.
The Hi-Point product line includes 4 dry dog foods, two claimed to meet AAFCO nutrient profiles for adult maintenance and two for all life stages.
The following is a list of recipes available at the time of this review.
- Hi-Point Mini Chunks)
- Hi-Point Adult Maintenance
- Hi-Point Premium Canine Diet
- Hi-Point Performance Formula
Hi-Point Adult Maintenance was selected to represent the other products in the line for this review.
Hi-Point Adult Maintenance
Dry Dog Food
Estimated Dry Matter Nutrient Content
Ingredients: Ground corn, wheat middlings, meat and bone meal, soybean meal, ground wheat, wheat flour, animal fat (preserved with BHA, citric acid, propyl gallate), wheatt germ meal, salt, calcium carbonate, vitamin A supplement, vitamin D3 supplement, vitamin E supplement, thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, calcium pantothenate, niacin supplement, folic acid, riboflavin supplement, menadione dimethylpyramidinol bisulfite, biotin, choline chloride, manganous oxide, copper sulphate, zinc oxide, ethylenediamine dihydriodide, ferrous sulphate, sodium selenite, and vitamin B12 supplement
Fiber (estimated dry matter content) = 4.4%
Red items when present indicate controversial ingredients
|Estimated Nutrient Content|
|Dry Matter Basis||24%||9%||59%|
|Calorie Weighted Basis||23%||21%||56%|
The first ingredient in this dog food is corn. Corn is an inexpensive and controversial cereal grain of only modest nutritional value to a dog.
For this reason, we do not consider corn a preferred component in any dog food.
The second ingredient is wheat middlings, commonly known as “wheat mill run”. Though it may sound wholesome, wheat mill run is actually an inexpensive by-product of cereal grain processing.
In reality, wheat middlings are nothing more than milling dust and floor sweepings — and an ingredient more typically found in the lower quality pet foods.
The third ingredient is meat and bone meal, a dry “rendered product from mammal tissues, including bone, exclusive of any added blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents”.1
Meat and bone meal can have a lower digestibility than most other meat meals.
Scientists believe this decreased absorption may be due to the ingredient’s higher ash and lower essential amino acid content.2
What’s worse, this particular item is anonymous. Since there’s no mention of a specific animal, this ingredient could come from almost anywhere: spoiled supermarket meat, roadkill, dead, diseased or dying livestock — even euthanized farm animals.
Even though meat and bone meals are still considered protein-rich meat concentrates, we do not consider a generic ingredient like this a quality item.
The fourth ingredient is soybean meal. Soybean meal is relatively useful by-product — what remains of soybeans after all the oil has been removed.
Although soybean meal contains 48% protein, this ingredient would be expected to have a lower biological value than meat.
And less costly plant-based products like this can notably boost the total protein reported on the label — a factor that must be considered when judging the actual meat content of this dog food.
The fifth ingredient is wheat. Wheat is another cereal grain and subject to the same issues as corn (previously discussed).
The sixth ingredient is wheat flour, a highly-refined product of wheat milling. Like corn, wheat is an inexpensive and controversial cereal grain of only modest nutritional value to a dog.
For this reason, we do not consider wheat a preferred component in any dog food.
The seventh ingredient includes animal fat. Animal fat is a generic by-product of rendering, the same high-temperature process used to make meat meals.
Since there’s no mention of a specific animal, this item could come from almost anywhere: roadkill, spoiled supermarket meat, dead, diseased or dying cattle — even euthanized livestock.
The long-term affects of feeding such potentially toxic substances must be questioned.
We do not consider generic animal fat — especially when preserved with such dubious chemicals — a quality ingredient.
The eighth ingredient includes wheat germ meal. Wheat germ is a nutritious by-product of the wheat milling process and also rich in dietary fiber, B-vitamins and minerals.
However, since it contains at least 25% plant-based protein and depending upon the amount, this ingredient can boost the total protein reported on the label — a factor that must be considered when judging the actual meat content of this dog food.
From here, the list goes on to include a number of other items.
But to be realistic, ingredients located this far down the list (other than nutritional supplements) are not likely to affect the overall rating of this product.
With three notable exceptions…
First, this dog food contains menadione, a controversial form of vitamin K linked to liver toxicity, allergies and the abnormal break-down of red blood cells.
Next, we find no mention of probiotics, friendly bacteria applied to the surface of the kibble after processing to help with digestion.
And lastly, the minerals listed here do not appear to be chelated. And that can make them more difficult to absorb. Non-chelated minerals are usually associated with lower quality dog foods.
Hi-Point Dry Dog Food
The Bottom Line
Judging by its ingredients alone, Hi-Point Dog Food looks to be a below-average kibble.
But ingredient quality by itself cannot tell the whole story. We still need to estimate the product’s meat content before determining a final rating.
As a group, the brand features an average protein content of 26% and a mean fat level of 10%. Together, these figures suggest a carbohydrate content of 55% for the overall product line.
And a fat-to-protein ratio of about 38%.
Below-average protein. Below-average fat. And above-average carbs when compared to a typical dry dog food.
When you consider the protein-boosting effects of the soybean and wheat germ meals (and in some of the recipes, corn gluten), this looks like the profile of a kibble containing only a modest amount of meat.
In any case, it’s unfortunate the company chose to include BHA, propyl gallate and menadione in its recipes. For without these controversial substances, we may have considered awarding this line a slightly higher rating.
Hi-Point dog food is a plant-based kibble using a modest amount of anonymous meat and bone meal as its main source of animal protein, thus earning the brand 1 star.
Rice ingredients can sometimes contain arsenic. Until the US FDA establishes safe upper levels for arsenic content, pet owners may wish to limit the total amount of rice fed in a dog's daily diet.
A Final Word
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Notes and Updates
05/25/2012 Original review
05/25/2012 Last Update