How to Determine Your Dog’s Ideal Weight


Finding and maintaining your dog’s ideal weight can significantly extend your pet’s life.

A 14-year landmark study by Purina found that…

Dogs fed to ideal body condition lived 1.8 years longer than their overweight litter mates.

That’s a bonus of nearly 2 extra years of life — just for keeping your dog close to his ideal body weight.

So, where do you go to find your dog’s ideal weight?

Where Not to Look
for a Dog’s Ideal Weight

To get an idea of what your dog should weigh, you could simply look it up in a table of ideal pet weights.

However, nearly every table provides this important information in a range of weights — and not a specific number.

For example, the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention suggests a weight range for Labrador Retrievers of 65 to 80 pounds.

That’s a significant difference of nearly 23%.

And that figure can vary even more — depending on whether your pet is a male or a female.

What If your Dog
Isn’t a Pure Breed?

And what about mixed breeds? Where do you go to look up their ideal weights?

Unfortunately, there’s no clear reference for every individual dog. Because dogs come in so many builds, shapes and sizes.

The Ideal Dog Weight System
Used by Veterinarians

Here’s a solution that works for nearly all dogs.

The very best way to determine your dog’s ideal weight is to use the same method used by vets.

The Purina Body Condition System1.

Purina Body Condition System

The Purina Body Condition System uses two simple steps to rate the state of your dog’s body…

  1. Visual inspection
  2. Palpation (sense of touch)

By using your senses of sight and touch, you assign your dog to one of three categories

  • Too Thin (Body Condition Score = 1-3)
  • Ideal (Body Condition Score = 4-5)
  • Too Heavy (Body Condition Score = 6-9)

Your rating will be based upon comparing your dog’s appearance to this standardized diagram — and then palpating (feeling) his ribs and frame.

The Bottom Line

Determining an ideal weight goal can make a real difference in how long your dog lives.

And once you determine that ideal weight goal, it becomes important to serve the right amount each time you feed your pet

So be sure to estimate the right serving size for your dog. And be ready to change that amount whenever you switch to a different food.

Sure, it’s a little extra work. However, if you love your dog as much as we love Bailey and Molly, maintaining your pet’s ideal weight can be a very rewarding goal.


  1. Nestle Purina Pet Care Company, St. Louis, MO 63164
  • Conuly

    That’s the point. Because breeds vary a lot, you can’t know the ideal weight, so instead you’re looking at the overall build.

  • Conuly

    If he’s happy and active, his weight is probably just fine. If he was underweight, he would not feel up to running around : )

  • Shirley Burt-Olevas

    Hello. I have the body condition score from above, but where does it tell me what my dogs ideal body weight is so I can determine how much to feed him to lose weight? Thank you

  • Chiquita Lita
  • InkedMarie

    What food are you feeding? I had luck with Wellness Core reduced fat but I’d also try Annamaet Lean.
    By the way, it’s Neapolitan Mastiff.

  • karen rowland

    Hi I have a neopolitin massive , I’ve had him on a special diet for 6 weeks , he keeps gaining weight . I even bought a treadmill, but he dosnt fit on it . He weights 228 pds now .

  • karen rowland

    I have a neopolitin massive . I’ve had him on special diet dog food for 6 weeks . He keeps gaining weight. He’s up to 228 pds . What am I doing wrong . I even got him a treadmill , but dosnt fit on it . He looks like a bear .