Zignature Dog Food (Dry)

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Rating: ★★★★½

Zignature Dog Food earns the Advisor’s second-highest tier rating of 4.5 stars.

The Zignature Dog Food product line includes seven grain-free dry recipes.

However, since we’re unable to locate AAFCO nutritional adequacy statements for these dog foods on the product’s web page, it’s impossible for us to report specific life stage recommendations for these recipes.

The following is a list of recipes available at the time of this review.

  • Zignature Turkey Formula
  • Zignature Whitefish Formula
  • Zignature Duck Formula (4 stars)
  • Zignature Lamb Formula (4 stars)
  • Zignature Zssential Formula (5 stars)
  • Zignature Kangaroo Formula (4 stars)
  • Zignature Trout and Salmon Meal Formula

Zignature Trout and Salmon Meal Formula was selected to represent the other products in the line for this review.

Zignature Trout and Salmon Meal Formula

Dry Dog Food

Estimated Dry Matter Nutrient Content

Protein = 33% | Fat = 16% | Carbs = 43%

Ingredients: Trout, salmon meal, peas, pea flour, pea protein, flaxseed, chickpeas, dehydrated alfalfa meal, natural flavors, salmon oil, sunflower oil (preserved with citric acid), dried beet pulp, potassium chloride, calcium chloride, salt, chlorine chloride, minerals (zinc proteinate, iron proteinate, copper proteinate, manganese proteinate, cobalt proteinate), vitamins (vitamin A acetate, vitamin D3, vitamin E, niacin, d-calcium pantothenate, thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, riboflavin, folic acid, biotin, vitamin B12), blueberries, carrots, cranberries, calcium iodate, sodium selenite, naturally preserved with mixed tocopherols

Fiber (estimated dry matter content) = 7.2%

Red items indicate controversial ingredients

Estimated Nutrient Content
MethodProteinFatCarbs
Guaranteed Analysis30%14%NA
Dry Matter Basis33%16%43%
Calorie Weighted Basis29%33%38%
Protein = 29% | Fat = 33% | Carbs = 38%

The first ingredient in this dog food is trout, a freshwater species closely related to salmon. Trout is rich rich in omega-3 fatty acids but also contains about 80% water. After cooking, most of that moisture is lost, reducing the meat content to just a fraction of its original weight.

After processing, this item would probably account for a smaller part of the total content of the finished product.

The second ingredient is salmon meal. Because it is considered a meat concentrate, fish meal contains almost 300% more protein than fresh fish itself.

Fish meal is typically obtained from the “clean, dried, ground tissue of undecomposed whole fish and fish cuttings” of commercial fish operations.1

The third ingredient includes peas. Peas are a quality source of carbohydrates. And like all legumes, they’re rich in natural fiber.

However, peas contain about 25% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the meat content of this dog food.

The fourth ingredient is pea flour, a powder made from roasted yellow peas. Pea flour contains as much as 25% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the meat content of this dog food.

The fifth ingredient is pea protein, what remains of a pea after removing the starchy part of the vegetable.

Even though it contains over 80% protein, this ingredient would be expected to have a lower biological value than meat.

And less costly plant-based products like this can notably boost the total protein reported on the label — a factor that must be considered when judging the meat content of this dog food.

The sixth ingredient is flaxseed, one of the best plant sources of healthy omega-3 fatty acids. Provided they’ve first been ground into a meal, flax seeds are also rich in soluble fiber.

However, flaxseed contains about 19% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the actual meat content of this dog food.

The seventh ingredient includes chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans. Like peas, bean and lentils, the chickpea is a nutritious member of the fiber-rich legume (or pulse) family of vegetables.

However, chickpeas contain about 22% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the actual meat content of this dog food.

The eighth ingredient is alfalfa meal. Although alfalfa meal is high in plant protein (about 18%) and fiber (25%), this hay-family item is more commonly associated with horse feeds.

After the natural flavor, we find salmon oil. Salmon oil is naturally rich in the prized EPA and DHA type of omega-3 fatty acids. These two high quality fats boast the highest bio-availability to dogs and humans.

Depending on its level of freshness and purity, salmon oil should be considered a commendable addition.

From here, the list goes on to include a number of other items.

But to be realistic, ingredients located this far down the list (other than nutritional supplements) are not likely to affect the overall rating of this product.

With four notable exceptions

First, sunflower oil is nutritionally similar to safflower oil. Since these oils are high in omega-6 fatty acids and contain no omega-3’s, they’re considered less nutritious than canola or flaxseed oils.

Sunflower oil is notable for its resistance to heat damage during cooking.

There are several different types of sunflower oil, some better than others. Without knowing more, it’s impossible to judge the quality of this ingredient.

Next, we find beet pulp. Beet pulp is a controversial ingredient, a high fiber by-product of sugar beet processing.

Some denounce beet pulp as an inexpensive filler while others cite its outstanding intestinal health and blood sugar benefits.

We only call your attention here to the controversy and believe the inclusion of beet pulp in reasonable amounts in most dog foods is entirely acceptable.

In addition, we find no mention of probiotics, friendly bacteria applied to the surface of the kibble after processing to help with digestion.

And lastly, this food contains chelated minerals, minerals that have been chemically attached to protein. This makes them easier to absorb. Chelated minerals are usually found in better dog foods.

Zignature Dog Food
The Bottom Line

Judging by its ingredients alone, Zignature looks like an above-average dry dog food.

But ingredient quality by itself cannot tell the whole story. We still need to estimate the product’s meat content before determining a final rating.

The dashboard displays a dry matter protein reading of 33%, a fat level of 16% and estimated carbohydrates of about 43%.

As a group, the brand features an average protein content of 32% and a mean fat level of 17%. Together, these figures suggest a carbohydrate content of 43% for the overall product line.

And a fat-to-protein ratio of about 53%.

Near-average protein. Near-average fat. And below-average carbs when compared to a typical dry dog food.

When you consider the protein-boosting effect of the pea products, flaxseed, chickpeas and alfalfa meal, this looks like the profile of a kibble containing a moderate amount of meat.

Bottom line?

Zignature is a plant-based dry dog food using a moderate amount of named meat meals as its main sources of animal protein, thus earning the brand 4.5 stars.

Highly recommended.

Please note certain recipes are sometimes given a higher or lower rating based upon our estimate of their total meat content and (when appropriate) their fat-to-protein ratios.

Zignature Dog Food
Recall History

The following list (if present) includes all dog food recalls since 2009 directly related to this product line. If there are no recalls listed in this section, we have not yet reported any events.

You can view a complete list of all dog food recalls sorted by date. Or view the same list sorted alphabetically by brand.

To learn why our ratings have nothing to do with a product’s recall history, please visit our Dog Food Recalls FAQ page.

Get free dog food recall alerts sent to you by email. Subscribe to The Advisor’s recall notification list.

Dog Food Coupons
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A Final Word

The descriptions and analyses expressed in this and every article on this website represent the views and opinions of the author.

The Dog Food Advisor does not test dog food products.

We rely entirely on the integrity of the information provided by each company. As such, the accuracy of every review is directly dependent upon the specific data a company chooses to share.

Although it's our goal to ensure all the information on this website is correct, we cannot guarantee its completeness or its accuracy; nor can we commit to ensuring all the material is kept up-to-date on a daily basis.

We rely on tips from readers. To report a product change or request an update of any review, please contact us using this form.

Each review is offered in good faith and has been designed to help you make a more informed decision when buying dog food.

However, due to the biological uniqueness of every animal, none of our ratings are intended to suggest feeding a particular product will result in a specific dietary response or health benefit for your pet.

For a better understanding of how we analyze each product, please read our article, "The Problem with Dog Food Reviews".

Remember, no dog food can possibly be appropriate for every life stage, lifestyle or health condition. So, choose wisely. And when in doubt, consult a qualified veterinary professional for help.

In closing, we do not accept money, gifts or samples from pet food companies in exchange for special consideration in the preparation of our reviews or ratings.

However, we do receive a fee from Chewy.com for each purchase made as a direct result of a referral from our website. This fee is a fixed dollar amount and has nothing to do with the size of an order or the brand selected for purchase.

Have an opinion about this dog food? Or maybe the review itself? Please know we welcome your comments.

Notes and Updates

05/17/2016 Last Update

  1. Association of American Feed Control Officials
  • Zignature Dog Food
  • Francesca G

    Discuss what further? I do not feel comfortable posting my email address on a forum. I hope you understand.

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Hello Francesca, we would like to get in contact with you to discuss this further. Would you please provide us with your email address?

  • aimee

    A food can meet a claim of nutritional adequacy by meeting the profile or passing a feeding trial. It does not have to do both. Each method has advantages and disadvantages.

    A feeding trial helps to ensure the nutrients are bioavailable. A food can meet the chemical profile and yet fail a feeding trial. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1659568

    A feeding trial on the other hand ensures in the short run the diet is adequate. But because the trials are of short duration nutrient deficiencies may not always reveal themselves.

    My preference, especially during growth, is for diets that both meet the profile and have passed a trial

    In this case Natures Logic food doesn’t meet an AAFCO profile. The company did a feeding trial so that they can label the diet as complete and balanced. The diet passed and so it can be labeled as complete and balanced and Natures Logic is in compliance with AAFCO for that diet even though the diet doesn’t meet an AAFCO profile.

    The problem as I see it though is that Natures Logic is saying all their diets of that type are in compliance because one passed a feeding trial. But to do this the nutrient levels between the diets need to meet certain criteria. In the case given, according to the information from the company, Natures Logic should not be claiming AAFCO nutritional adequacy for the sardine diet because it neither meets the profile, has passed a feeding trial nor meets the criteria for the family rule.

  • Pitlove

    HI AImee-

    If a food passes a feeding trial and is not AAFCO compliant how does that work? I assumed that was part of why feeding trials were important.

  • aimee

    Hi Alex,

    As with many sites that are trying to be helpful, the information isn’t quite accurate. A tip off is that they don’t cite any peer reviewed sources for their claims. For example, instead of saying “some studies prove…” the author should cite the study.

    In regards to contributing to soft tissue calcification I suppose any one could say any source of calcium contributes to that since calcium is involved in calcification.

    Patients at risk of forming calcium containing kidney stones are advised to control calcium levels in the diet but the stone production is from other factors.

    The presence of Dicalcium phosphate on an ingredient list poses no medical concern when used appropriately. Where it could be problem is if the levels in the diet are exceedingly high for a particular life stage or patient with an underlying medical problem. But then that could be said of any calcium containing ingredient.

  • aimee

    Hi Pitlove,

    Natures logic claims to meet the AAFCO nutritional adequacy requirement via feeding trials. A diet which passes a feeding trial does not have to meet the min. required by the AAFCO profile.

    However, according to the information I have thus gathered Nature’s logic appears to be using the “family rule” incorrectly and I do not think some of the foods should be carrying the AAFCO statement for complete and balanced.

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Hello Francesca! High fiber diets are known to improve colon health and help with weight management. It can also assist in relieving symptoms of IBD (Irritable Bowl Disease).

    A dog relieving themselves 2-4 times is generally deemed healthy and shouldn’t raise concerns. We would like to point out that our Kangaroo formula is also a 4.5% fiber content. Salmon, Venison, Whitefish and Zssentials all have a 5% Fiber content.

    We want you to make the best decision for your dog, if that happens to be another brand we completely understand.

    We encourage your questions and understand your concerns. Thank you!

  • Storm’s Mom

    This is part of why I find what AAFCO does a bit odd…. why set levels that are apparently impossible to achieve using whole foods (ie naturally) and can only be achieved using synthetic ingredients?

  • Pitlove

    Hi Alex-

    The first and only time I ever spoke with our Champion rep in person, he explained to me that no matter what the company tried to do, they could not be compliant with AAFCO mins for zinc and copper without using a synthetic form. They attempted to do it using whole foods like they do for the rest of the vitamins and minerals, but were unsuccessful.

    I asked him how companies like Natures Logic were doing it and he said he had no clue. He said when Champion looked at NLs nutrient profiles they were deficient in zinc and copper so he had no idea how they were claiming to meet AAFCO.

  • Sydney

    Where it says “with just 1 added vitamin” and then zinc. If you see the name of a vitamin or mineral it’s synthetic. It says zinc therefore its synthetic. And it is not easier to absorb. Chelates typically are but not the sunthetic form as they are still isolates. Causing the body to pull the other cofactors from its own mineral reserves to then use the copper or zinc. Research synthetic vitamins in pet food.

  • Alex

    Copper Chelate is easier to absorb. There are Natural Zinc and copper in the ingredients that they use. I do not see where it says they use synthetic copper and zinc on their ingredients on their website.

  • Alex

    Aimee Here is the website that tells you it on it. https://www.munch.zone/15-ingredients-avoid-buying-dog-food/

    Dicalcium Phosphate

    Despite the danger, this problematic dog
    food ingredient can still be found in up to 25 percent of commercial
    brands. What is it for? It adds texture to the kibble, making it dry and
    hard. Dicalcium Phosphate
    is an ingredient to avoid when buying dog food because of the number of
    problems it can lead to. This ingredient cannot absorb water, making it
    nearly insoluble. In turn it acts as an alkalizer, contributes to soft
    tissue calcification, and from some studies is proven to lead to kidney
    stones. Do not let this ingredient become toxic to your pet.

  • Alex

    Here is the website that tells you it on it. https://www.munch.zone/15-ingredients-avoid-buying-dog-food/

    Dicalcium Phosphate

    Despite the danger, this problematic dog
    food ingredient can still be found in up to 25 percent of commercial
    brands. What is it for? It adds texture to the kibble, making it dry and
    hard. Dicalcium Phosphate
    is an ingredient to avoid when buying dog food because of the number of
    problems it can lead to. This ingredient cannot absorb water, making it
    nearly insoluble. In turn it acts as an alkalizer, contributes to soft
    tissue calcification, and from some studies is proven to lead to kidney
    stones. Do not let this ingredient become toxic to your pet.

  • Francesca G

    IMO it’s important that dog owners know the sodium level in their dogs kibble. Especially if you have a senior dog who has one faulty heart valve.My dogs cardiologist asked me what kibble my dog eats and what is the sodium %. I noticed that Gather, Petcurean, Orijen and Acana all list their sodium %’s on their websites.

  • Francesca G

    It’s probably the sodium however it can’t hurt to get a routine CBC though. Better to be safe than sorry. I spent $600 on doing every imaginable test which was negative (thank god). My Vet even made me record how much water my dog was drinking per day while on Zignature. Once I switched her kibble she stopped drinking as often. It was the sodium % in the Salmon and Trout. FYI the fiber content is high in Zignature and my dog used to poop 3-4 times a day. Since changing her kibble to Gather by Petcurean she only poops twice a day. Their fiber is only 4.5%.

  • aimee

    I don’t see that dicalcium phosphate in and of itself would cause kidney stones or liver failure. Is it that you are concerned about the ingredient or do you feel the diet is formulated with excessive amounts of the ingredient?

  • Sydney

    I don’t feed kibble. Orijen is close but they still use synthetic zinc and copper.

  • disqus_SBl7sCuYS7

    I prefer Nutrisca. However, my neighbor’s dog has been doing very well on Zignature.
    I had a dog that suffered bladder stones and needed emergency surgery. From what I could determine, the main culprits were genetic predisposition and inadequate fluid intake.

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    Hello Angela, You do NOT want this food coming to Australia because you do NOT use
    this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too. Orijen and Acana is Best!

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    Hello DM, You do NOT want this food coming to Australia because you do NOT use
    this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too. Orijen and Acana is Best!

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    Hello Will, You do NOT want this food coming to Australia because you do NOT use
    this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too. Orijen and Acana is Best!

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    Hello Aimee, You do NOT want this food coming to Australia because you do NOT use
    this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too. Orijen and Acana are Best!

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    Hello Francesca, You do NOT want this food coming to Australia because you do NOT use
    this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too. Orijen is Best!

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    You do NOT want this food coming to Australia because you do NOT use this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too. Orijen and Acana are Best!

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    Yes this food is very bad for your dog. Do NOT use this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too.

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    You may NOT use this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too.

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    Do NOT use this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate
    in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too.

  • disqus_SBl7sCuYS7

    If the excessive water drinking continues, I would take them to the vet for lab work and rule out medical causes.
    Diabetes is one medical condition that can result in increased water consumption.

  • Zignature Dog Food

    We try and provide as much information on the website as possible, however Sodium is not one of our most frequently asked questions so other information took precedence. Again, we will gladly answer any questions you or anyone has and we apologize for any faulty information that was provided. If you have any more information on who you talked to so that we can make sure this doesn’t happen again, please, let us know.

  • Zignature Dog Food

    For how long have you been feeding them our formula? Any change in sodium can result in a high need for water consumption until they are transitioned to our food completely.

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Hello Susan! We ultimately plan on being purchasable around the world. We are working on it, however there is no time frame for exactly when it will happen and for that we apologize.

  • Larry “Harley” Harley Wilkenso

    Do NOT use this food at all by this company, it has Di-Calcium Phosphate in it that causes kidney stones/failure and liver failure too.

  • Susan

    Change kibble to another brand & see if they both continues drinking water… Have a look at “Canidae” Pure Formulas they have a few new formulas, look at the Pure Wild, Pure Land, Pure Sea, Pure Sky all have limited ingredients… http://www.canidae.com/dog-food/products

  • JC

    I started feeding Zignature Lamb to both my Danes. They have both noticeably increased water intake. My female acts like she is rabid for water. If its not the sodium what else in the food would cause them to both dramatically increase their water intake?

  • Francesca G

    Wouldn’t it be better to include the sodium % on your web site or on the bag? After all I received supposedly incorrect information as well as someone else when contacting your office in CA.

  • Susan

    Hi Zignature, will Zignature ever come to Australia? maybe just a few formulas like the new Pork, Catfish, Venison & kangaroo formula’s….I know we have very strict custom & quarantine laws with pet foods, buy we don’t have many single protein foods for dogs with skin allergies & food Sensitivities… We get Canidae Pure formulas & Life Stages formulas wet & dry but they’re always sold out by the end of the month & fat & protein % is too high…. Taste Of The Wild has their 2 single protein kibbles the Roasted Lamb or the Smoked Salmon the rest of TOTW formulas have about 3-4 different proteins in their other formulas & high protein & fat %, we get Holistic Select wet & dry & Artemis & we don’t get the Royal Canine vet diets with single protein & 1 carb formulas……we do have a few Australian made formulas but the fat & protein is too high when you have a dog with health problems like Pancreatitis & IBD…

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Catfish would be 0.63%
    Pork would be 0.54%

  • Sydney

    What about catfish ?

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Regardless of their name we sincerely apologize for your experience with our customer service team. We never want our fans or possible fans to have a bad experience dealing with us. Here is the correct sodium levels for all of our Zignature formulas:

    Salmon-0.72%
    Venison-0.60%
    Kangaroo-0.67%
    Whitefish-0.51%
    Duck-0.70%
    Lamb-0.62%
    Trout & Salmon-0.57%
    Turkey-0.54%
    Zssential-0.52%

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Thank you so much for the information, we’ll be sure to investigate this problem with false information being provided.

    We don’t withhold our sodium content from our website for any malicious reason, when handling the website we try to fit all the important information on it. Any information that isn’t shown on the website can always be answered by our representatives through our customer service or through our social media. If you have any questions about the contents in our formulas we will gladly provide it.

  • Sydney

    Even better lol! I def won’t be buying anything from Pets Global anymore.

  • Francesca G

    They do not include their sodium % on their web site or on any of their bags. No idea why they do this.

  • Francesca G

    I got the same information there as well. LOL

  • Francesca G

    May I ask why you don’t include the sodium %’s on your website?

  • Francesca G

    I spoke to a woman with an accent and I also spoke to a young millennial guy. Both people answer the phone. I hope this information is helpful.

  • Sydney

    They didn’t state their name. They also weren’t very pleasant

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Would you be able to provide us with the name of the representative you talked to? We would like to correct any false information being provided.

  • Sydney

    Lol your office.

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Hello Aimee! We would like to just clarify that our highest sodium content is 0.72% which would be our Salmon formula. The rest vary from 0.50%-0.72%. We apologize for any confusion.

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Hello Sydney! We would like to inform you of the correct sodium content for our Trout & Salmon formula, which is 0.57%. Our highest sodium content is our Salmon formula at 0.72%. If you are able, we would like to know where you obtained this information so that we can correct any false information from being given out.

  • Zignature Dog Food

    Hello Francesca! We would like to inform you and apologize for the wrong information you were provided. Our Trout & Salmon formula’s sodium content is 0.57%. Our highest sodium content is our Salmon formula at 0.72%. If you are able, we would like to know which representative you spoke to over phone. It would be immensely helpful so that we can correct any false information being provided.

  • marymorrison

    Who told you that people with arthritis shouldn’t eat potatoes? As a 44 yr RN, I’ve heard numerous dietician classes and instructions in the hospital for people with arthritis, and I’ve never heard that once.

  • Anthony DeFalco

    The extra water drinking is due to the seriously high sodium levels .with trout and salmon being the highest . I’m conflicted with trying this product. The reviews from dog owners with allergies are exciting. But my vet warned me the excessive sodium long term in the diet could lead to hearth problems in dogs

  • txn64

    Why don’t you just look on the bags online.

  • Susan

    I normally suggest adding tin Sardines as a topper if feed a kibble….

  • Beth Harris Bankston

    I never thought about rotating. Good idea. But with all the responses no one said to feed actual salmon, chicken or beef. I don’t know what people are afraid of. Its not cost because we spend a fortune on food. At least, those of us in this discussion.

  • Will Maer

    Where did you get that number? They gave me completely different numbers when I contacted them yesterday. These were the numbers they gave me for sodium levels:

    Salmon-0.72%
    Venison-0.60%
    Kangaroo-0.67%
    Whitefish-0.51%
    Duck-0.70%
    Lamb-0.62%
    Trout & Salmon-0.57%
    Turkey-0.54%
    Zssential-0.52%

  • Sydney

    I would NEVER recommend feeding anything where you see the actual name of the vitamin or mineral, such as “sodium selenite” on the label. This means that it is synthetic, man made in a lab, placing a tablet in your dogs food versus just getting that from a whole food source.

  • Sydney

    Zignature now has 2% sodium in their diets. Also keep in mind this is synthetic sodium, not even naturally occurring but made in a lab into a tablet and put into the mix. If you want a low sodium diet check out either Nature’s Logic or a raw food like Primal

  • Diane

    Nulo is a really good food if you want to look into that. Grainfree also

  • disqus_SBl7sCuYS7

    It’s safe, I agree. But, not necessary, unless the dog has a specific type of allergy, such as dust mites.
    There are other gentle shampoos that would do the trick. For example: https://www.chewy.com/veterinary-formula-clinical-care/dp/43540
    So, rather than go to a dermatologist and get a diagnosis and treatment specific for their pet, they spend more than they have to on shampoo. Malaseb is not cheap.

  • Pitlove

    Yes this is true, however given the gentle cleansing nature of Malaseb and having an understanding of what both active ingredients do, I find it is usually safe to recommend if a skin condition is present.

  • Susan

    Yes, online or I buy from Pet Shop a vet doesn’t have to prescribe Malaseb its excellent, do the weekly baths or every day if needed… join this Face Book group its called “Dog Issues, allergies and other information support Group” you’ll learn heaps & get your dog more comfortable… https://www.facebook.com/groups/240043826044760/