Dog food grains. Canine allergies. Could they be related? Well, in a word, maybe.
Take bread mold. As unappetizing as it looks, bread mold can seem fairly harmless.
Yet mold and other contaminants sometimes found in cereal grains used to make dog food can cause serious illness — even death.
Surprisingly, cereal grains can be some of the most problematic ingredients in commercial dog food.
Grains Can Conceal Hidden Contaminants
After grains are harvested, they must be stored. And the longer the storage period, the greater the risk of contamination by one or more of these nasty pollutants…
What’s worse, many dog food companies are famous for using the cheapest grains they can find — rejects and by-products of the human food industry…
Cereal grain leftovers classified as “unfit for human consumption”.
And low quality ingredients like these can always be fertile breeding grounds for some of the nastiest contaminants in dog food.
How These Dangerous Contaminants
Can End Up in Your Dog’s Food
Insects — and their droppings — can be found in cheap, low-quality grains.1
The most common insect contaminants include…
- Red flour beetles
- Granary weevils
- Rice weevils
- Meal worms
- Flat grain beetles
- Indian meal moths
- Saw-tooth grain beetles
Grain infestations are so common that damage done by insects after crops are harvested is sometimes greater than the damage done during the growing season itself2.
That’s how the carcasses of dead grain insects can so easily end up in commercial dog food. These common dog food pollutants should be considered prime suspects in any attempt to prevent canine allergies.
Grain Mites Quickly Multiply Out of Control
So, what do you get when you mix a low-quality feed grain with plenty of moisture — and then store them together over time?
Mites. Grain mites. And lots of them.
This tiny eight-legged creature is a close relative of the dust mite, that infamous household pest that might just be one of the most common causes of allergies in the human population.
And can they ever multiply! One female mite alone can lay up to eight hundred eggs in as little as just nine days3.
Some of these juvenile mites morph into a stage known as the hypopus. During that phase their bodies harden and the mites develop numerous small suckers on their underbellies.
These tiny arthropods then use their suckers to attach themselves to the bodies of grain weevils, beetles and other insects.
So, with a little help from their newly-found “friends” they quickly spread throughout an entire bin of feed grain.
Within days, the stored commodity can become completely infested with disease-causing grain mites.
A Likely Cause of Chronic Allergies
Atopic dermatitis can be an agonizing condition for dogs. It can go completely undiagnosed for years. Yet it is remarkably common.
The disease is a chronic and allergic skin reaction to specific pollutants (called allergens) found in a dog’s environment.
Symptoms can be so common it’s easy to overlook the everyday signs of the disease…
- Chronic itching
- Excessive licking or chewing of the paws, abdomen and groin
- Deep pink, reddened or oozing ears
- Balding areas (known as “alopecia”)
- Black pigmentation of the skin around the groin (in later years)
- Secondary yeast or bacterial infections (especially in the ears)
So, what are these “specific pollutants” that cause this miserable disease?
Well, it’s been known for years that atopic dermatitis can be caused by common household dust mites. You know, the kind you find in your home’s carpeting.
The same kind of mites that cause allergies in humans.
So, could mite-contaminated dog food have anything to do with canine skin allergies?
You bet it could. And here’s proof…
Recent Research Points an Accusing Finger
A recent study of atopic dermatitis conducted at Wright State University has concluded, “storage mite sensitivity in dogs may be as important, if not more important, than dust mite sensitivity”.4
In other words, the consumption of grain storage mites and their carcasses must be considered an important cause of atopic dermatitis in dogs.
That finding clearly implicates grain-based dog food as a possible cause for this far-too-common condition.
- Extension Entomologists, North Central States, Federal Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture ↩
- Peairs FB, “Insect Damage to Farm-Stored Grain”, Colorado State University Extension, Number 5.545 ↩
- “Flour or Grain Mites”, Entomological Notes, College of Agricultural Sciences, Penn State University ↩
- Arlian AG et al, Serum immunoglobulin E against storage mites in dogs with atopic dermatitis, American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2003 January, 64 (1):32-6 ↩