Pinnacle canned dog food receives the Advisor’s mid-tier rating of 3.5 stars.
The Pinnacle product line includes three canned dog foods, each claimed to meet AAFCO nutrient profiles for all life stages.
The following is a list of recipes available at the time of this review.
- Pinnacle Duck and Potato Recipe
- Pinnacle Chicken and Vegetable Recipe
- Pinnacle Trout and Sweet Potato Recipe
Pinnacle Trout and Sweet Potato Recipe was selected to represent the other products in the line for this review.
Pinnacle Holistic Trout and Sweet Potato Formula
Canned Dog Food
Estimated Dry Matter Nutrient Content
Ingredients: Trout, fish broth, herring, oatmeal, oat bran, sweet potato, canola oil, quinoa seed, carrageenan, guar gum, flaxseed, minerals (iron amino acid chelate, zinc amino acid chelate, cobalt amino acid chelate, copper amino acid chelate, manganese amino acid chelate, sodium selenite, potassium iodide), potassium chloride, vitamins (vitamin E, A, B12, D3 supplements, thiamine mononitrate, biotin, riboflavin supplement), choline chloride, calcium carbonate, sage, rosemary, papain
Fiber (estimated dry matter content) = 11.5%
Red items when present indicate controversial ingredients
|Estimated Nutrient Content|
|Dry Matter Basis||33%||29%||31%|
|Calorie Weighted Basis||25%||53%||23%|
The first ingredient in this dog food includes trout, a marine and freshwater fish naturally high in protein.
The second ingredient is fish broth. Broths are nutritionally empty. But because they add both flavor and moisture to a dog food they are a common addition compnent in many canned products.
The third ingredient includes herring. Herring is a fatty marine fish naturally high in protein as well as omega 3 fatty acids, essential oils needed by every dog to sustain life.
The fourth ingredient is oatmeal, a whole-grain product made from coarsely ground oats. Oatmeal is naturally rich in B-vitamins, dietary fiber and can be (depending upon its level of purity) gluten-free.
The fifth ingredient is oat bran, a nutritious by-product obtained from milling whole grain oats. The bran is the fiber-rich outer layer of the grain containing starch, protein, vitamins and minerals.
The sixth ingredient is sweet potato. Sweet potatoes are a gluten-free source of complex carbohydrates in a dog food. They are naturally rich in dietary fiber and beta carotene.
The seventh ingredient is canola oil. Unfortunately, canola can be a controversial item. That’s because some worry that canola oil is made from rapeseed, a genetically modified (GMO) raw material.
Yet others cite the fact canola oil can be a significant source of essential omega-3 fatty acids.
In any case, plant-based oils like canola are less biologically available to a dog than fish oil as a source of quality omega-3 fats.
The eighth ingredient is quinoa seed. Quinoa (pronounced keen-wah) is not a true cereal grain but a plant prized for its gluten-free seeds.
Compared to most other grain-type ingredients, it is high in protein (about 12-18%), dietary fiber and other healthy nutrients.
The ninth ingredient is carrageenan, a gelatin-like thickening agent extracted from seaweed. Although carrageenan has been used as a food additive for hundreds of years, there appears to be some recent controversy regarding its long term biological safety.
From here, the list goes on to include a number of other items.
But to be realistic, ingredients located this far down the list (other than nutritional supplements) are not likely to affect the overall rating of this product.
With two notable exceptions…
First, flaxseed is one of the best plant sources of healthy omega-3 fatty acids. Provided they’ve first been ground into a meal, flax seeds are also rich in soluble fiber.
However, flaxseed contains about 19% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the actual meat content of this dog food.
And lastly, this food also contains chelated minerals, minerals that have been chemically attached to protein. This makes them easier to absorb. Chelated minerals are usually found in better dog foods.
Pinnacle Canned Dog Food
The Bottom Line
Judging by its ingredients alone, Pinnacle canned dog food looks like an above-average wet product.
But ingredient quality by itself cannot tell the whole story. We still need to estimate the product’s meat content before determining a final rating.
As a group, the brand features an average protein content of 33% and a mean fat level of 28%. Together, these figures suggest a carbohydrate content of 31% for the overall product line.
And a fat-to-protein ratio of about 84%.
Below-average protein. Above-average fat. And below-average carbs when compared to a typical canned dog food.
When you consider the protein-boosting effect of the flaxseed and the potato protein contained in the Duck recipe, this looks like the profile of a wet product containing a below average amount of meat.
Pinnacle canned dog food is a meat-based wet product using a below-average amount of trout, chicken or duck as its main sources of animal protein, thus earning the brand 3.5 stars.
However, the higher fat content associated with this product may not be appropriate for every animal.
Rice ingredients can sometimes contain arsenic. Until the US FDA establishes safe upper levels for arsenic content, pet owners may wish to limit the total amount of rice fed in a dog's daily diet.
A Final Word
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Notes and Updates
02/17/2010 Original review
06/15/2012 Review updated
01/06/2014 Review updated
09/20/2010 Review updated
01/06/2014 Last Update