Blue Buffalo Wilderness (Dry)


Rating: ★★★★½

Blue Buffalo Wilderness Dog Food receives the Advisor’s second-highest tier rating of 4.5 stars.

The Blue Buffalo Wilderness product line includes 17 dry dog foods.

Each recipe below includes its related AAFCO nutrient profile when available on the product’s official webpage: Growth, Maintenance, All Life Stages, Supplemental or Unspecified.

  • Blue Wilderness Bayou Blend [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Denali Dinner [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Senior Chicken [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Puppy (5 stars) [G]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Duck (5 stars) [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Healthy Weight [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Salmon (5 stars) [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Chicken (5 stars) [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Toy Breed (5 stars) [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Small Bite (5 stars) [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Large Breed Salmon [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Small Breed (5 stars) [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Large Breed Puppy (5 stars) [G]
  • Blue Wilderness Large Breed Senior (4 stars) [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Small Breed Healthy Weight [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Large Breed Chicken (5 stars) [M]
  • Blue Wilderness Adult Large Breed Healthy Weight (4 stars) [M]

Blue Wilderness Adult Large Breed Salmon was selected to represent the other products in the line for this review.

Blue Buffalo Wildnerness Adult Large Breed Salmon

Dry Dog Food

Estimated Dry Matter Nutrient Content

Protein = 36% | Fat = 16% | Carbs = 41%

Ingredients: Deboned salmon, chicken meal, tapioca starch, peas, pea protein, dried egg, tomato pomace (source of lycopene), chicken fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols), menhaden fish meal (source of omega 3 fatty acids), flaxseed (source of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids), natural flavor, potatoes, pea fiber, fish oil (source of EPA - eicosapentaenoic acid), alfalfa meal, dl-methionine, potato starch, potassium chloride, dried chicory root, calcium carbonate, salt, caramel, choline chloride, sweet potatoes, carrots, taurine, mixed tocopherols (a natural preservative), glucosamine hydrochloride, l-carnitine, vitamin E supplement, ferrous sulfate, iron amino acid chelate, zinc amino acid chelate, zinc sulfate, Yucca schidigera extract, oil of rosemary, l-lysine, blueberries, cranberries, apples, blackberries, pomegranate, spinach, pumpkin, barley grass, kelp, parsley, turmeric, l-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (source of vitamin C), copper sulfate, copper amino acid chelate, nicotinic acid (vitamin B3), calcium pantothenate (vitamin B5), biotin (vitamin B7), manganese sulfate, vitamin A supplement, manganese amino acid chelate, sodium selenite, chondroitin sulfate, thiamine mononitrate (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), vitamin D3 supplement, vitamin B12 supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), beta carotene, dried yeast, dried Enterococcus faecium fermentation product, dried Lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product, dried Aspergillus niger fermentation extract, dried Trichoderma longibrachiatum fermentation extract, dried Bacillus subtilis fermentation extract, folic acid (vitamin B9), calcium iodate

Fiber (estimated dry matter content) = 6.7%

Red items indicate controversial ingredients

Estimated Nutrient Content
Guaranteed Analysis32%14%NA
Dry Matter Basis36%16%41%
Calorie Weighted Basis31%33%36%
Protein = 31% | Fat = 33% | Carbs = 36%

The first ingredient in this dog food is salmon. Although it is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, raw salmon contains about 80% water. After cooking, most of that moisture is lost, reducing the meat content to just a fraction of its original weight.

After processing, this item would probably account for a smaller part of the total content of the finished product.

The second ingredient is chicken meal. Chicken meal is considered a meat concentrate and contains nearly 300% more protein than fresh chicken.

The third ingredient is tapioca starch, a gluten-free, starchy carbohydrate extract made from the root of the cassava plant.

The fourth ingredient includes peas. Peas are a quality source of carbohydrates. And like all legumes, they’re rich in natural fiber.

However, peas contain about 25% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the meat content of this dog food.

The fifth ingredient is pea protein, what remains of a pea after removing the starchy part of the vegetable.

Even though it contains over 80% protein, this ingredient would be expected to have a lower biological value than meat.

And less costly plant-based products like this can notably boost the total protein reported on the label — a factor that must be considered when judging the meat content of this dog food.

The sixth ingredient is dried egg, a dehydrated powder made from shell-free eggs. Eggs are easy to digest and have an exceptionally high biological value.

The seventh ingredient is tomato pomace. Tomato pomace is a controversial ingredient, a by-product remaining after processing tomatoes into juice, soup and ketchup.

Many praise tomato pomace for its high fiber and nutrient content, while others scorn it as an inexpensive pet food filler.

Just the same, there’s probably not enough tomato pomace here to make much of a difference.

The eighth ingredient is chicken fat. Chicken fat is obtained from rendering chicken, a process similar to making soup in which the fat itself is skimmed from the surface of the liquid.

Chicken fat is high in linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid essential for life. Although it doesn’t sound very appetizing, chicken fat is actually a quality ingredient.

The ninth ingredient is menhaden fish meal, another protein-rich meat concentrate.

Menhaden are small ocean fish related to herring. They’re rich in protein and omega-3 fatty acids. What’s more, in their mid-depth habitat, menhaden are not exposed to mercury contamination as can be typical with deep water species.

This item is typically obtained from the “clean, dried, ground tissue of undecomposed whole fish and fish cuttings” of commercial fish operations.1

From here, the list goes on to include a number of other items.

But to be realistic, ingredients located this far down the list (other than nutritional supplements) are not likely to affect the overall rating of this product.

With seven notable exceptions

First, flaxseed is one of the best plant sources of healthy omega-3 fatty acids. Provided they’ve first been ground into a meal, flax seeds are also rich in soluble fiber.

However, flaxseed contains about 19% protein, a factor that must be considered when judging the actual meat content of this dog food.

Next, we find pea fiber, a mixture of both soluble and insoluble dietary fiber derived from pea hulls. Aside from the usual benefits of fiber, this agricultural by-product provides no other nutritional value to a dog.

In addition, we note inclusion of alfalfa meal. Although alfalfa meal is high in plant protein (about 18%) and fiber (25%), this hay-family item is more commonly associated with horse feeds.

We also find chicory root in this recipe. Chicory is rich in inulin, a starch-like compound made up of repeating units of carbohydrates and found in certain roots and tubers.

Not only is inulin a natural source of soluble dietary fiber, it’s also a prebiotic used to promote the growth of healthy bacteria in a dog’s digestive tract.

Next, caramel is a natural coloring agent made by caramelizing carbohydrates. It’s used by pet food manufacturers to impart a golden brown tint to the finished product.

However, the concentrated version of this ingredient commonly known as caramel coloring has been more recently considered controversial and found to cause cancer in laboratory animals.2

In any case, even though caramel is considered safe by the FDA, we’re always disappointed to find any added coloring in a pet food.

That’s because coloring is used to make the product more appealing to humans — not your dog. After all, do you really think your dog cares what color his food is?

Additionally, this food includes dried yeast, which can be a controversial item. Dried yeast contains about 45% protein and is rich in other healthy nutrients.

Fans believe yeast repels fleas and supports the immune system.

Critics argue yeast ingredients can be linked to allergies. This may be true, but (like all allergies) only if your particular dog is allergic to the yeast itself.

What’s more, a vocal minority insist yeast can increase the risk of developing the life-threatening condition known as bloat. However, this is something we’ve not been able to scientifically verify.

In any case, unless your dog is specifically allergic to it, we feel yeast should be considered a nutritious addition.

And lastly, this food contains chelated minerals, minerals that have been chemically attached to protein. This makes them easier to absorb. Chelated minerals are usually found in better dog foods.

Blue Buffalo Wilderness Dog Food
The Bottom Line

Judging by its ingredients alone, Blue Buffalo Wilderness Dog Food looks like an above-average dry product.

But ingredient quality by itself cannot tell the whole story. We still need to estimate the product’s meat content before determining a final rating.

The dashboard displays a dry matter protein reading of 36%, a fat level of 16% and estimated carbohydrates of about 41%.

As a group, the brand features an average protein content of 36% and a mean fat level of 15%. Together, these figures suggest a carbohydrate content of 41% for the overall product line.

And a fat-to-protein ratio of about 41%.

Above-average protein. Near-average fat. And below-average carbs when compared to a typical dry dog food.

Even when you consider the protein-boosting effect of the pea products, flaxseed and alfalfa meal, this looks like the profile of a kibble containing a notable amount of meat.

Bottom line?

Blue Buffalo Wilderness is a grain-free, plant-based dry dog food using a notable amount of chicken or fish meals as its main sources of animal protein, thus earning the brand 4.5 stars.

Highly recommended.

Please note certain recipes are sometimes given a higher or lower rating based upon our estimate of their total meat content and (when appropriate) their fat-to-protein ratios.

Blue Buffalo Dog Food
Recall History

The following list (if present) includes all dog food recalls since 2009 directly related to this product line. If there are no recalls listed in this section, we have not yet reported any events.

You can view a complete list of all dog food recalls sorted by date. Or view the same list sorted alphabetically by brand.

To learn why our ratings have nothing to do with a product’s recall history, please visit our Dog Food Recalls FAQ page.

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Each review is offered in good faith and has been designed to help you make a more informed decision when buying dog food.

However, due to the biological uniqueness of every animal, none of our ratings are intended to suggest feeding a particular product will result in a specific dietary response or health benefit for your pet.

For a better understanding of how we analyze each product, please read our article, "The Problem with Dog Food Reviews".

Remember, no dog food can possibly be appropriate for every life stage, lifestyle or health condition. So, choose wisely. And when in doubt, consult a qualified veterinary professional for help.

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Notes and Updates

06/05/2016 Last Update

  1. Association of American Feed Control Officials
  2. Consumer Reports February 2014
  • Ryan

    At first (by recommendation of the vet), we started my bulldog on Royal Canine, and then transitioned her to BB, eventually to wilderness. She didn’t want to even give it a taste after a whiff of it! Eventually she started eating a portion of it. We rotated around the different varieties they offered. Regardless of the formula (chicken, salmon, bison, Rocky Mountain, and healthy weight recipes), she would get noxious and vomit. Thinking that this was the best on the market I thought she would get over it, and probably due to quick transitioning. Didn’t happen to be the case, seeing that every formula didn’t agree with her. My neighbor has his dog on wilderness and all is good, but not with my gal. Now she is on Orijen six fish formula, and we’re having a good experience thus far.

  • Danielle

    So happy to read this! I have had the same problem with this same variety! Complained each time to BB,and they even sent me bags to send to them for analysis. That was late last year and never heard back from them. My newest bag from chewy was again totally different, very light and flatter than the dark more rounded nuggets I am used to. When I called BB to report this I asked about the analysis of the samples I sent them last year, and after a brief hold, he came back and said they could not find a problem with it! I am upset they never sent me the results. My 10 year old golden retriever is having some health issues now, not sure if it is due to the food, but I just don’t trust BB anymore. I have used them for our dogs for over 13 years. I have now had 3 “bad” bags! I won’t give my dog the kibble that is visibly different.

  • HBR

    I’m so disappointed in BB. They changed their Wilderness ‘Chicken Recipe’ to ‘with chicken’, took out the turkey meal and added pea protein instead. ( they did the same for their cat Wilderness as well. Cats, being obligate carnivores, can’t digest peas, or any grain and veggies, for that matter) It appears they’ve gone for lowering the quality of ingredients to save a couple dollars. I also messaged them on their FB page about this. Let’s see if they allow it to be posted.

  • Michele Lijewski

    Never feeding my pets this food again causes diarrhea. Went with Victor dog food no problems at all.

  • Susan

    Hi have a look at “Canidae” & “Zignature” both brands have never had a recall…

  • haleycookie

    Check out Fromm dog food. I don’t believe they’ve ever had a recall. And they have pretty good quality dog food as well.

  • Ladilira

    I fed my previous dog BB Wilderness for years without incident. However, I won’t be feeding it to my new dog due to the frequent amounts of recalls that have happened with this brand. Too many recent incidents have left me feeling uncomfortable to return to it and so I will be looking at other quality, grain free brands with less negative incidents of occurrence.

  • Yvette Pinkney

    You right every dog is different. I just brought BB. My puppy is picky . So i will see how he likes this give him a little bit each day.

  • Lexi Duboi

    My vet told me that your products are only using the name,not making the that true

  • dklfdkslf odsfa

    apparently blue buffalo has gone under fire recently for false labeling, can someone confirm this? :/ i’m so bummed, what am i going to feed my dog now

  • Christa Schutte

    My dog isnt a fan of the blue buffalo, esp the “lifesource bits” i have seen online that that is not uncommon

  • Carolyn H Wood

    Fed her B.B. Salmon grain-free. Had problems with very soft stool to diarrhea after about 1.5 years.Took a sample of fecal to vet. No worms. When they heard about this brand, they said to possibly switch because they were aware of this problem with this brand. Didn’t do that at that point. About 4 months later she developed explosive, or projectile diarrheal discharge. No food for 24 hours, then put her on rice and tuna for a good 3 days. Vet said they were aware of this problem.
    Petco also knew about this problem too. Transitioned her to Canidae, salmon, grain-free. Problem solved. Been on it with a splash of chicken stock and tablespoon of cottage cheese for almost a year

  • Don T.

    Three days is not a long enough adjustment period. Please read the labels on the bag and/or read up online. The food didn’t do this; you did. Sorry. Also, try adding some pumpkin in with the food while your switching; it seems to work miracles.

  • Crystal

    We feed Orijen and Acana. Awesome ingredients and never a recall.

    Orijen Regional Red Grain-Free Dry Dog Food, 15-lb bag

    Nutritional Info


    Boneless Angus Beef*, Boneless Wild Boar*, Boneless Lamb*, Beef Liver*, Boneless Pork*, Pork Liver*, Whole Herring*, Lamb Liver*, Beef Meal, Lamb Meal, Herring Meal, Salmon Meal, Pollock Meal, Beef Tripe*, Bison*, Lamb Fat, Whole Egg*, Red Lentils, Chickpeas, Green Peas, Yellow Peas, Green Lentils, Herring Oil, Pea Fiber, Yams*, Sun-Cured Alfalfa, Pumpkin, Butternut Squash*, Spinach Greens*, Carrots*, Red Delicious Apples*, Bartlett Pears*, Cranberries*, Blueberries*, Kelp, Licorice Root, Angelica Root, Fenugreek, Marigold Flowers, Sweet Fennel, Peppermint Leaf, Chamomile, Dandelion, Summer Savory, Rosemary, Enterococcus Faecium, Vitamin A, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Niacin, Riboflavin, Folic Acid, Biotin, Vitamin B12, Zinc Proteinate, Iron Proteinate, Manganese Proteinate, Copper Proteinate, Selenium Yeast *Delivered Fresh, Preservative-Free and Never Frozen.

  • April

    I’ve fed my 10 year old spaniel/lab mix Blue Wilderness Senior for last 3 years. Constipated over last few months, but no diarrhea. Bought new bag a week ago from Petsmart and poured it in the storage container. When I went to mix it with last of what was left from previous bag, I noticed the new food was drastically lighter in color. I threw it out and bought another bag from Murdoch’s and the kibble is color it normally is. Quality Control Issues??

  • Kerry Lee Haas

    Did it happen around vaccination time? My dog had the same thing happen when he was vaccinated for Leptospirosis as a puppy. It was horrible.

  • Kerry Lee Haas

    Be cautious not to over feed and the protein may be too high for their sensitive tummies at the moment. Whenever diarrhea is an issue cut back on the amount of food or look for a food with a slightly lower protein source at 30 or lower. I notice that when my two boxers protein source starts to inch up over 32 they start to have bowel issues.

  • theBCnut

    Maybe try NutriSource. Blue Buffalo seems to not agree with a huge number of dogs and puppies.

  • Patrick Roman

    I have been feeding my two puppies (10 mo. and 6 mo.) Blue Wilderness Puppy food which has 5 stars on here since I got each of them. Over the past few months we’ve gone through several sessions of bad diarhea. No parasites, no infections, so we were recommended to switch food.

    Any suggestions from people that experienced similar problems with BB Wilderness Puppy food?

    We were told Purina Pro Plan and Eukanuba were good brands, but Purina seems to be getting bashed alot on here…

  • LabsRawesome